Angela Cole responds to story
Intelligent people do not enslave people nor do they stifle their conscious.
it boils down crop theft is not purely sociological – it is part of
society and we have to deal with it. No one should steal another’s
property. People watch others plant and they want to reap but to
plough back twenty acres of cassava in the ground is a vagabond’s act,
the act of a selfish mind.
Bethel has money to waste. Cassava after three months has roots and
grown for six or eight months they get bigger roots. Cassava can be
reaped all th
time. He could have given it away. This is what is so
The law is such that you could burn down your house and you cannot be charged except for endangering your neighbour.
saying is give a black man a key but do not differentiate - black and
white – they are the same if they have sense and if they do not have
sense, they are the same.
people and a few black people with keys say string up thieves, kill
them, lost them away in jail but what kind of system did white people
point starts with the property owner. But the whole things comes back
down to not employing watchmen. “I ain’t paying a watch man to stand
in the ground.”
brought up on a plantation, where there were lots of vegetable, would
know that there was a system of paying watchmen to patrol the ground
but nowadays they fire the watchman and now expect the police to
watch. They want to take policemen and turn them into their watchmen.
The policeman should have been there the night before.
owners are blackmailing the crown to drop them a chicken leg. They
want the government to do these things for them just like the man on
the street wants the government to provide everything. There is a lot
of money in vegetables – but they want to hold the country to ransom
and blackmail the government with threats to raise prices.
have no watchmen is ridiculous. This is a general thing, jewellery
stores, banks etc. and other establishments do not say that nobody has
any right to steal and fire the watchman. For what are all these
other black people even police will not take it seriously. There are
reasons why black people will not move but it is a story that white
people do not want to redress. How for years they exploited fully
black people and they demand to continue.
later day the profits reaped from by capitalism are phenomenal and up
to now white people cannot talk about reparations. Sensitive people
cannot read about those times and feel happy.
No coloured person has forgotten Swain at Sturges?
Swain shot a boy, who was thieving potatoes and claimed that he thought
it was a monkey. He was charged and because he was a white man got 18
months for manslaughter. And because he was a white man in jail he
wore his own clothes and had his own food.
In England a new law was made by precedent, where a man actually got locked up for shooting an intruder in his house.
come along and found it so,” is a possible easy explanation for whites
pervasive thread of opportunism that makes them manipulate to seek the
How do you repay for destroying civilizations?
institution of triangular slavery was wicked and cannot be polished
whatever is done. It is nothing, which white people can ever be proud.
What Europeans brought was not civilized but barbarism.
would they have coped with being a stud; sized and mated because of
colour by an ignorant man without a sense of reason. When a people
cannot go back further than 1-½ generations it is genocide.
shackles rise at the length of time Atlantic slavery lasted - 400
years. One hundred and fifty years ago how would whites have coped
with two or three hours sleep a day when they came out of the fields?
many were enslaved and so many drowned themselves. So many had a
degree of pedigree and independent minds and whites took great joy in
enslaving them. Non-white people are still suffering from slavery and
genocide and how can there be reparations, when white people can never
repay non-white people.
has to be an understanding of the characteristics of white people and
how and why a whole nation - like Germany - could hoodwink themselves
that they were superior and carry racial superiority to the limit. Too
many whites have always felt superior and there is no evidence of that,
not even the colour.
black man knows better, whites will squeal so long as they are allowed;
they need to be re-educated. In Trinidad, many houses are built up off
the ground because of snakes. Whites built their own society on the
backs of blacks and blacks must now build lives so that they will stay
where they belong. During the war they had something called the fifth
column people, who would apparently be your friends but were working
against you. There were many slogans, which said: “The walls have
Grove was about 310 acres and had two watchmen. The watchmen had to
watch day and night. The fellow, who did the night shift received more
money. There was a hierarchy and a system that worked.
was the manager or owner manager then a manager supervisor. They ran
the plantation, there was a book keeper and one or two overseers, then
the leaders - leading labourers the ones that the rest followed, who
got more than the others. Then there was a watchman to see if anybody
went into the field.
kept that sort of larceny down to a minimum but then the union was
formed to organize waterfront men and they had no idea to organize
plantation workers. The plantation workers did not have any clout and
they had very poor wages and no representation.
Plantation Family Histories
certain branch of the Bethels had money. Bethel was at Searles and the
Piles bought Searles from Bethel. When Bethel sold the plantation to
Pile he did not move. In the other big house lived, Mr. Gay, the
coloured estate manager, brown-skinned and a descendant of Samuel
Jackman Prescod married to a Deane girl – (Kingsland estate.)
Bethel had a regular concubine and had some brown-skinned children -
like the black Wards and white Wards - and one of them Julien became a
manager of a plantation.
The Bethels were also favoured by the Lascelles, who are direct relatives of the Queen.
Gay and his family lived at Spring Vale, Emtage owned it and when he,
Emtage, decided to get out of plantation business he wanted to sell his
wanted $25,000 for Spring Vale, Gay offered to pay down $12,000 and pay
the rest. Emtage said: “Look man I ain’t selling you that because
you going pay me back out of my own money.”
He sold it to Bethel, who was a bookkeeper at Hopewell. I do not know how much they paid.
father got his licks because he was associated with Dudley Sergeant,
who was an elite white man and member of the Progressive League. Not
many white men were in there. Sergeant was a solicitor and he went to
school with my father. I remember when my father took me to his house,
when I was a young boy.
were attempts to put my father in his place but he told them to go to
hell. He was managing Seawell and the owner’s favourite horse escaped
and the owner a Mr. Kirton, had the whole village of St. Bartholomew
looking and running after it. ‘Mr. Gay you should be out there helping
the fellows.” Gay’s son said.
“You cannot expect me to do that.’ My father said and they cuss one another and Kirton fired him.
father packed his bags got a truck and left. My mother supported him.
Not that my father would not mind catching a horse, but all the black
people were trying to catch the horse to get a shilling or a bottle of
rum. I suppose the plantation owners knew his worth because it was not
long before he was offered a job at another plantation, Staple Grove.
Then he went to another plantation, Upton and we moved there.”
and William Challenor were brothers and both were knighted. As
planters they would have been in the vestry, in the administration of
the poor laws and the charitable institution and poor relief.
have experience with the Challenors. One day the attorney, Sir John
Challenor - they were called that - they looked over the plantation for
absentee owners - came to my father and said: ‘I never had a black man
managing any plantation that I was associated with; you have to
we had to be out of the house by the end of the month, gave my father
three months salary and we had to move. It was not long before someone
called him back and that is how we went back to Staple Grove, then we
went to Spring Vale in St. Andrew.
father always had that kind of conflict with white people but his
reputation was good. They would say: ‘Gay you wasting my money,’ and
then it would work out. He was the first to talk about mealy-bug
disease and he talked the owners into not putting any thing in that
field that year. It was 14 acres he dug up and left it for a year.
was 60 years ago, only the other day the same thing was said. I
suppose we were lucky in that he was a good man, he knew his job, he
had a lot of good progressive ideas and he had backing.
white people profited. They used to get their money’s worth. When they
came to the house they came to gloat: ‘you plant cabbages and carrots
to sell?’ He was doing that in 1953. So many times this happened
like, when he planted grass on the hillside of St. Andrew because when
the rain came it washed away the hillside. ‘Gay what you doing you
planting grass?’ And the grass is still there it has not moved. He
never went and did tropical agriculture.”
many slips of history that the power structure is geared towards
obliterating. Until the 1920s black supervisors on the plantation had
to ride a mule or a donkey; they were not allowed to ride a horse.
visited an old black man, who had worked for a white friend’s family
all his life. He taught the boys in the family to play cricket and to
do most things and they say: “from four years of age, he was like a second father to me.”
This man, now at the end of his days, is ill in a very small house of
two rooms and my friend keeps his many horses in better conditions and
better groomed. This man’s ‘son’ passes by, gives him fish,
provisions and white boy talk.
How to make my white friends see and make amends.
people on this island should really try to become hardcore, righteous
and high-minded instead of still being as they are - a matter of
looking after number one.
average local white has not been sensitive and has not felt that it is
his duty to elevate people in his society. He has done very little
towards the advancement of civilization in this country. Yet, now, he
claims that he feels left out and he has every right to feel that way.
of segregation laws that the Americans instituted were with the help of
the white planters of this island, who got away from the society in
Barbados and went over and founded the plantation system.
do not know how to control these black people make it illegal for a man
to escape, cut of his hands, cut off his penis and make examples.”