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The Plantation Economy

Part 2 – The Deanes

posted Nov 20, 2008, 4:14 PM by Caribusiness Admin   [ updated Jul 9, 2009, 5:26 PM ]

I have not heard a more racist and dangerous ideology than the one expounded by someone from the mythical Kingsland Estates fiasco.   

A few in each generation escaped but the Deanes belonged to a special category of people that were white because they considered themselves white.  Although clearly mulattoes they were never comfortable with the black side of their heredity.  That is a character flaw and a lot of the time the heavy level of infighting in the family is about those that do not know, who they are and those, who know.      

All of a sudden now, those is in trouble paint a portrait to save themselves; to map a genealogy, to weave a story that is palatable that makes them comfortable and Zap! The Deanes are black and can “trace their slave family back.”  But there is no interest in present living coloured family: “Who is Arthur Gay?”  

Told several times that he is Erin’s son there has been a steadfast disinterest and distance from the person’s name and each time they do not know - it is called plausible deniability.  One cousin an adversary and one of the few that invites all types of people home and would not want to know what they did in his place, one day around the court went up to Arthur, who is a widely read and widely respected columnist for years and a court reporter, and said:  “You know that we are cousins?”     

One of the few of the mother’s generation that were different that the family does not like that ran a store and kept himself away from the family, when a mutual cousin, Maurice, went in the store he let Maurice know that they were family. 

“The way they treated my mother, regardless of, who did it or not I am nothing to do with them.  I told Estwick I was  not interested in their land. Do not bother to be angry no amount of scrubbing can get them white or cancel out people that are favourable.  It is not complicated it is straight forward, I wipe the memories of them from my brain I do not tell my children anything about them.” Gay says. 

Write black family out and now claim to be black.  As opposed to Arthur where is the white family in their ancestors!  Arthur’s grandmother was a mulatto and his grandfather was a mulatto, a cousin of his grandmother’s was dark with a European nose pretty hair and was so pretty; they called her a black mulatto. 

The Gays are part of the Deane family not yesterday or second cousin three times removed.  Erin’s father, was Estwick Deane uncle, and his father’s brother.  

The local real whites did not marry them Deanes.  Reverent Curry (white Caribbean person not a Bajan) came to Christ Church as a curate straight out of college a young deacon.  He courted Muriel, Erin’s niece, Estwick’s daughter and it was going great guns, when the whites, who sat in the front seat at church told Curry:  “you ain't know she not white,” and Curry stop seeing her and married an Atwell girl, who painted the picture depicting Christ in Christ Church parish church. 

“As they got a certain age they gone to England looking for wives.”  Erin one of the most realistic persons said.  The Deanes have never married black people – never ever. Every single one of the men went to England and brought back white, English wives.  And Jane’s mother married a white man from Trinidad.  Until today not one Deane is married to a black person.  One cousin had a child for a black jockey but that is all. 

Erin’s skin was so white that it was pink and touch it and it turned white.  When her husband’s workers quarrel with him and they said:  ‘… it is because you marry a white woman.’ She said: ‘Do not dare call me white.’  

There is one aunt from that family surviving, the grandfather’s child from her mother’s side, Gladys, who is about eighty-six years old.  She has always been a Deane and she quiet comfortable with who she is and to forgot the Deanes all together. 

The Deans wrote off Erin’s bloodline for eternity if some would have their way, because she married into that most distinguished and honourable of mulatto families that of Samuel Jackman Prescod.  Jackman Prescod was a very fair mulatto.  In fact more than that his father was white and his mother a mulatto.  The Prescod could have been only  slightly darker in skin colour than the Deanes.  Plus the Deanes were not in any shape or fashion in the Jackman Prescod class.   

In later years after independence and Samuel Jackman Prescod became a national hero and schools named after the Gays some Deanes understood that Erin’s husband’s family  were not unimportant and they made a change.  

Estwick’s brother, who is Jane’s uncle, John Bright Deane, one day said: “We got some land up there and you know that we treated you all badly.” 

The Deanes were not really middle class Estwick and James were brothers.  James used to go out all the time with all the white people in Hastings. It has not been found out what he was up to but he liked woman.  He had an aristocratic outlook, owned a lot of land and was a tailor.   He was the sort of tailor that when people came to collect their items he would have gone into town.   

Lee, one of Estwick’s sons, was lucky because he was dishonest and not bright. He owned 1/9 the share of Kingsland Estates and he and a few friends quarried land horizontally and then filled it in and sold it as housing development and the people’s houses are flooded out when it rained.  And nobody realizes why?   

Vere, Jane’s uncle and Lee’s brother, was a different kettle of fish he did not get involved for he knew do for do was no obeah, one smart dead at two smart door and two foul plays cancels each other out.  Some have not displayed much intelligence and use a different paint box to paint everyone a filthy, dirty colour so that the grandfather would look a little better.  

This is typical, racist, white, uppity excreta; an attempt to show importance.  Like the justification that Obama is gifted is because he got in white.  The man is successful so they going claim him because “he had some white in him.”   

One reason could be that Americans are becoming more civilized.  The majority votes were young first time voters, who felt that they had to do something against the status quos.  In the racist South, Obama did take away more white votes, down south they do not think or care about finance or not. 

The white thing is not a big argument like Hilary Clinton.  She was inclined to go down that road but when she realized Obama was so far ahead, it does not make sense to go that way specially with the financial climate.   

The point to remember is that when things are get rough the same white people can never be relied on.  When Harold Wilson won the first big election Labour won by one vote.  Because the people thought they should have not been a change.   Wilson had to call an election in about a month.  By then the voters realised that they had to get out of a hole they were in and they could not rely on the conservatives.  Then when things got better they voted conservative again.  

It is the same thing.   

Clinton had to work with a Republican Congress.  When he started he had to soft pedal out. He realized he had to court them because the only other weapon he had was the veto with which he could stop legalisation for a short time only. He had to work his way through and therefore he got the second term. But as soon as things looked better they put in a Bush and went back to they nasty, stupid ways.   

Always a reason is found! Obama did not get killed because his mother was white.  Mother!  If that should happen any time soon think what would happen and look at the terrorist organization in operation now and those of all colours, nationalities and religions that would have an endless excuse. All except Israel’s.   

So much rhetoric that sounds so good, so splendid, so oratorical – ‘the black man struggle.’  They look at black, flat-nosed and knotty hair and say he bright because he is an exception - he is a freak because he does not fit their racist rules.  Black people in this region have a power of which they are not aware and are not prepared to use.   

John Bright Dean had the colour; he was very white, lighter than Estwick, his brother, with the same kind of mulatto hair but he had black features and he was not a pretty man.  He was bright, very quite and shy, had no charisma, was uncomfortable around women for he never felt that he was good looking enough to get a woman.  He wanted a decent woman and found no woman that he wanted that wanted him.  In later life he found one and married a widow, Bree and Eric St. John’s mother, and they lived a comfortable life.  He was a contractor, knew what he did and had much money for he built most of the modern roads in Christ Church: Pilgrim Road, Maxwell Road; he rebuilt Christ Church Church.   

First time calling the mother black for advantage but there is no change in the pervasive behaviour that fools no one a bit and gets what it deserves. 

Of the present I'Akobi Maloney issue, David my friend’s son’s killing in the presence of the police only, knowing how distraught the father is.   White racism says it is Peter paying for Paul.   

“The good Rastafaris are paying for the bad ones that are not Rastafari. I had my experience with dreadlock people.”  

“Tit for tat then what about the white people and their slavery?” I said. 

Isolated from the real machination of the life; these white people believe that they do not had to make amends for slavery because “those times are gone” and it was not a matter of colour but greed and black people and white people now areripping Kingsland Estates off, so 400 years of slavery is cancelled out.  It did not start with the barbaric feudal system of white men.    

“But you are living off the comforts of slavery and oppression of black people who were paid two cents a day. Africans did not have chattel slavery.  White people have to make amends for slavery.”   

No! No! No! 

What did we aboriginal of these island do the white people that settled and committed the largest genocide besides the Genghis Khan?   

“Caribs were hostile.   Forget that along with slavery that is in the past.  Leave that alone.” 

Do not take offence.  These people only learnt history enough to answer questions that they know that they are going to be asked to pass an exam.  They cannot say Caribs were a well structure society with no robbery or thieving or coveting people’s good.   

There is something in the Deanes; they have some genius because they know how to succeed.  Estwick got on the road to success and those plantations from getting his boss, the honourable Evelyn M.P.’s, daughter pregnant.    

This racsit thinking must be made public for it is about enslaving society again. 

On the other hand let us look at some positive things for is not with a big lot of racial pride that we think about whites.    Men like Herbert Seale, who was real, he looked just like Samuel Jackman but unlike the Deane’s was never a white-minded person although he looked white.  The white people would not have it.  He had an agency to import things and white merchants tried to stifle him.  He got hit both ways for the blacks said:  “he think he white,” and Herbert had to run and leave the island.  His two sisters Florie and Ann went to the states and passed for white. 

All through the status quo, look at the coloured people who have gone white: the Seale’s grandmother was a black servant.   Lynch’s grandfather was a black man.  So many of them, Stoute, whose wife used to colour photographs.   

There are only a few family who instead of going white went black.   The Wards quietly realized that they are close cousins. 

“I knew about the riots, in 1937 I was ten years old my father was managing Neil plantations and he had a first hand view when the fellows came digging potatoes they told him Mr. Gale why you do not go inside they said.  “I do not have to fear.” He said, he used to pay what he thought was a normal wage and not starvation money.   He always ran into problem with the planters otherwise he could have been very rich too.” Said Arthur Gay. 

What You Sow so Shall You Reap - Praedial larceny

posted Nov 20, 2008, 4:04 PM by Caribusiness Admin   [ updated Jul 9, 2009, 5:26 PM ]

Angela Cole responds to story


Farmer loses over $30 000 in crops

The Nation newspaper

WHILE THE FARMER'S away, the thieves will play.

Farmer Patrick Bethell knows this all too well as he is counting the loss of his entire one-acre field of four-month-old cassava plants.

The story began when Bethell, who manages Friendship Estate in St Michael, reported thieves had made off with 58 plants over the course of four days.

The situation worsened yesterday when he called the media to highlight another 56 plants uprooted.

"In one and a half weeks, I have lost around $1 800. They stole 19 plants last night [Monday] and 37 this morning [Tuesday]," he said.

When the first cassava plants were stolen, Bethell said he would destroy them if the larceny continued and he carried out his threat yesterday - he dug up the rest of the field, which he said was worth more than $30 000.

"It hurts me to have to destroy a crop just to make a point but I feel raped and violated and I have decided the time for talk is over.

"The gloves have to come off or you can forget about agriculture in Barbados. I think it is misleading to tell the 4-H clubs to grow food just so they can be stolen and I have met many people who no longer farm because of thieves," he said.

Bethell, 62, said he was now forced to cut his staff working hours to four days instead of five and was even contemplating giving up farming altogether.

"We are planting cassava freely and willingly as citizens of Barbados and this is what is happening. Well, I am done with that!" he said.

Independent senators John Hutson and Dr Frances Chandler were present and offered support. Hutson said he too had to give up farming certain crops due to praedial larceny.

"This is a very serious situation and I would like to see stiffer penalties imposed. If you were to go and steal ink, you would have a hefty fine or time in jail but if you steal crops, you get a holiday," he said.

Chandler, an agronomist, said the authorities were treating agriculture as a "bottom of the barrel" activity.

"It is ironic that there is now a global food shortage and as such we are being asked to plant food but yet agriculture is considered the bottom of the heap," she said, adding the authorities would react faster if a hotel was burglarised.

Chandler also chastised international organsiations which she said was good at hosting workshops but would not give funds to monitor the market or assist the police.

"What are their tangible effects? If they can't offer help with this issue, they are a waste of time," she said. (CA)

Intelligent people do not enslave people nor do they stifle their conscious.    

When it boils down crop theft is not purely sociological – it is part of society and we have to deal with it.  No one should steal another’s property.  People watch others plant and they want to reap but to plough back twenty acres of cassava in the ground is a vagabond’s act, the act of a selfish mind.   

Farmer Bethel has money to waste.  Cassava after three months has roots and grown for six or eight months they get bigger roots.  Cassava can be reaped all th e time.  He could have given it away.  This is what is so angering.   

The law is such that you could burn down your house and you cannot be charged except for endangering your neighbour.   

The saying is give a black man a key but do not differentiate - black and white – they are the same if they have sense and if they do not have sense, they are the same. 

White people and a few black people with keys say string up thieves, kill them, lost them away in jail but what kind of system did white people set up?   

The point starts with the property owner.  But the whole things comes back down to not employing watchmen.  “I ain’t paying a watch man to stand in the ground.”   

Anyone brought up on a plantation, where there were lots of vegetable, would know that there was a system of paying watchmen to patrol the ground but nowadays they fire the watchman and now expect the police to watch.  They want to take policemen and turn them into their watchmen.   

The policeman should have been there the night before. 

These owners are blackmailing the crown to drop them a chicken leg.  They want the government to do these things for them just like the man on the street wants the government to provide everything.   There is a lot of money in vegetables – but they want to hold the country to ransom and blackmail the government with threats to raise prices. 

To have no watchmen is ridiculous.  This is a general thing, jewellery stores, banks etc. and other establishments do not say that nobody has any right to steal and fire the watchman.  For what are all these security companies? 

Most other black people even police will not take it seriously.  There are reasons why black people will not move but it is a story that white people do not want to redress.  How for years they exploited fully black people and they demand to continue. 

In later day the profits reaped from by capitalism are phenomenal and up to now white people cannot talk about reparations.  Sensitive people cannot read about those times and feel happy. 

No coloured person has forgotten Swain at Sturges?   Swain shot a boy, who was thieving potatoes and claimed that he thought it was a monkey.  He was charged and because he was a white man got 18 months for manslaughter.  And because he was a white man in jail he wore his own clothes and had his own food.     

In England a new law was made by precedent, where a man actually got locked up for shooting an intruder in his house.   

“We come along and found it so,” is a possible easy explanation for whites pervasive thread of opportunism that makes them manipulate to seek the advantage.   

How do you repay for destroying civilizations?   

The institution of triangular slavery was wicked and cannot be polished whatever is done. It is nothing, which white people can ever be proud.  What Europeans brought was not civilized but barbarism.   

How would they have coped with being a stud; sized and mated because of colour by an ignorant man without a sense of reason.   When a people cannot go back further than 1-½ generations it is genocide.    

The shackles rise at the length of time Atlantic slavery lasted - 400 years.  One hundred and fifty years ago how would whites have coped with two or three hours sleep a day when they came out of the fields?   

So many were enslaved and so many drowned themselves.  So many had a degree of pedigree and independent minds and whites took great joy in enslaving them.  Non-white people are still suffering from slavery and genocide and how can there be reparations, when white people can never repay non-white people.  

There has to be an understanding of the characteristics of white people and how and why a whole nation - like Germany - could hoodwink themselves that they were superior and carry racial superiority to the limit.  Too many whites have always felt superior and there is no evidence of that, not even the colour.   

The black man knows better, whites will squeal so long as they are allowed; they need to be re-educated.  In Trinidad, many houses are built up off the ground because of snakes.  Whites built their own society on the backs of blacks and blacks must now build lives so that they will stay where they belong.  During the war they had something called the fifth column people, who would apparently be your friends but were working against you.  There were many slogans, which said: “The walls have ears.”   

Plantation History 

Staple Grove was about 310 acres and had two watchmen.  The watchmen had to watch day and night.  The fellow, who did the night shift received more money.  There was a hierarchy and a system that worked. 

There was the manager or owner manager then a manager supervisor.  They ran the plantation, there was a book keeper and one or two overseers, then the leaders - leading labourers the ones that the rest followed, who got more than the others.  Then there was a watchman to see if anybody went into the field.   

Watchmen kept that sort of larceny down to a minimum but then the union was formed to organize waterfront men and they had no idea to organize plantation workers. The plantation workers did not have any clout and they had very poor wages and no representation.  

Plantation Family Histories 


A certain branch of the Bethels had money.  Bethel was at Searles and the Piles bought Searles from Bethel.  When Bethel sold the plantation to Pile he did not move.  In the other big house lived, Mr. Gay, the coloured estate manager, brown-skinned and a descendant of Samuel Jackman Prescod married to a Deane girl – (Kingsland estate.) 

One Bethel had a regular concubine and had some brown-skinned children - like the black Wards and white Wards - and one of them Julien became a manager of a plantation.   

The Bethels were also favoured by the Lascelles, who are direct relatives of the Queen. 


When Gay and his family lived at Spring Vale, Emtage owned it and when he, Emtage, decided to get out of plantation business he wanted to sell his plantations.   

He wanted $25,000 for Spring Vale, Gay offered to pay down $12,000 and pay the rest.   Emtage said:  “Look man I ain’t selling you that because you going pay me back out of my own money.” 

He sold it to Bethel, who was a bookkeeper at Hopewell.  I do not know how much they paid.   


“My father got his licks because he was associated with Dudley Sergeant, who was an elite white man and member of the Progressive League. Not many white men were in there.   Sergeant was a solicitor and he went to school with my father.  I remember when my father took me to his house, when I was a young boy.   

“There were attempts to put my father in his place but he told them to go to hell.  He was managing Seawell and the owner’s favourite horse escaped and the owner a Mr. Kirton, had the whole village of St. Bartholomew looking and running after it. ‘Mr. Gay you should be out there helping the fellows.” Gay’s son said. 

“You cannot expect me to do that.’ My father said and they cuss one another and Kirton fired him.   

“My father packed his bags got a truck and left.  My mother supported him. Not that my father would not mind catching a horse, but all the black people were trying to catch the horse to get a shilling or a bottle of rum. I suppose the plantation owners knew his worth because it was not long before he was offered a job at another plantation, Staple Grove.  Then he went to another plantation, Upton and we moved there.” 


John and William Challenor were brothers and both were knighted.  As planters they would have been in the vestry, in the administration of the poor laws and the charitable institution and poor relief.   

“I have experience with the Challenors.  One day the attorney, Sir John Challenor - they were called that - they looked over the plantation for absentee owners - came to my father and said: ‘I never had a black man managing any plantation that I was associated with; you have to leave.’   

“Challenor said we had to be out of the house by the end of the month, gave my father three months salary and we had to move.  It was not long before someone called him back and that is how we went back to Staple Grove, then we went to Spring Vale in St. Andrew.   

“My father always had that kind of conflict with white people but his reputation was good.  They would say: ‘Gay you wasting my money,’ and then it would work out.  He was the first to talk about mealy-bug disease and he talked the owners into not putting any thing in that field that year.  It was 14 acres he dug up and left it for a year.   

“That was 60 years ago, only the other day the same thing was said.  I suppose we were lucky in that he was a good man, he knew his job, he had a lot of good progressive ideas and he had backing.   

“The white people profited.  They used to get their money’s worth. When they came to the house they came to gloat: ‘you plant cabbages and carrots to sell?’  He was doing that in 1953.  So many times this happened like, when he planted grass on the hillside of St. Andrew because when the rain came it washed away the hillside. ‘Gay what you doing you planting grass?’ And the grass is still there it has not moved. He never went and did tropical agriculture.”   


So many slips of history that the power structure is geared towards obliterating.  Until the 1920s black supervisors on the plantation had to ride a mule or a donkey; they were not allowed to ride a horse.   

I visited an old black man, who had worked for a white friend’s family all his life.  He taught the boys in the family to play cricket and to do most things and they say: “from four years of age, he was like a second father to me.”  This man, now at the end of his days, is ill in a very small house of two rooms and my friend keeps his many horses in better conditions and better groomed.   This man’s ‘son’ passes by, gives him fish, provisions and white boy talk.   

How to make my white friends see and make amends.   

White people on this island should really try to become hardcore, righteous and high-minded instead of still being as they are - a matter of looking after number one.   

The average local white has not been sensitive and has not felt that it is his duty to elevate people in his society.  He has done very little towards the advancement of civilization in this country.  Yet, now, he claims that he feels left out and he has every right to feel that way.   

All of segregation laws that the Americans instituted were with the help of the white planters of this island, who got away from the society in Barbados and went over and founded the plantation system. 

“You do not know how to control these black people make it illegal for a man to escape, cut of his hands, cut off his penis and make examples.”    

Angela Cole 


Barbados Farms

posted Oct 15, 2008, 7:07 AM by Caribusiness Admin   [ updated Jul 9, 2009, 5:26 PM ]

Barbados Farms Limited, a private company, lost $850,000.00 last year and has paid not a cent in dividends. They planted onions and should produce at least 60,000 pounds an acre. And even if it cost $30,000.00 per acre to plant, onions are sold at $1.00 a pound and that is $30,000.00 profit per acre, $300,000.00 per ten acres. Onions can be sold for 60 cents to the consumer and be produced at a cost of 30 cents.

The problem is onion blast because the onion farmers and the government do not know how to cure it and those who know the old way will not tell unless they are compensated. Some years ago an acre and a quarter of land in St. George, at Salters, produced 83,250 lbs and the day to day details are recorded from day one: planted 11/12/97, what nitrogen was applied and the date, when the second set of nitrogen was applied, damping off and what spray and when for hoppers, further fertilizer and further nitrogen to produce 1,665 bags of 50 lbs.

The island grows the most expensive and the most luscious and the most durable cotton in the world and what is needed is to go into what the consumer pays for the finished goods and its distribution. A public/private sector sea-island cotton project cotton was set up and Barrow’s cousin, the co-founder of the software company being sued, headed it. Those, who attended the original meeting and put up money were given two shares for everyone before the offer was closed. The government then put in $4 million dollars and bought shares. After a period of ineffectiveness, where cotton was planted at Malvern and during the growing season a tractor was put through the fields and it destroyed one in every four rows and after he was paid a large amount, Barrow’s cousin was fired, the government took over the project completely, the cotton was picked and is in storage and when difficult question are asked the minister talks of shipping cotton overseas but nothing has been done.

One of the big, local, White investors in both Barbados Farms and the cotton industry’s new deal* could not make it as a planter and he become a wheeler-dealer building entrepreneur; knowledge he has is in engineering and not in agriculture and since many times the government has been unsuccessful in the local cotton deals it is unlikely that they can be effective against an up-to-date international wheeler dealer and the predictable failure is no doubt written in like most things at certain levels of operation it will be totally covered up, ignored or some red herring drawn across the trail to divert interest.

Excerpt from REFLECTI0NS – Modern Politics – The Caribbean, Africa and Asia Minor


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