One of the
criteria to be treated as a human being in my family is that Donald’s
mother side of the family must do as they like and cannot be criticised
without penalties. Like many people on the island my telephone
has not functioned properly and I am not going to sit and let Limeys
take my money and con me. So here is tit for tat:
If Donald had
changed he would have called his cousin, Eric St. John, the most decent
one in the family and the most knowledgeable, and ask him how to change
Cable and Wireless, now LIMEY or SLIMEY, into a profit sharing
organization and help with my books, the most historically aware, so
that the people of this country can understand the dynamic of Donald’s
side of the family and what and how they have transfigured this country.
Edgar Mittelholzer called them middle class philistines in his book “The Bones and My Flute,” and wrote that in order for them and the country to exorcise the demons of these societies, the bones of their past must be dug up and given Christian burial.
Keep the people
alive like Pavlov’s dog: the head was there with lots of wires connected
to it but it could not bark or articulate because it did not have a
body; like the centipede head cut off and the body still wriggling;
like the lizard tail still moving on its own and the cockroach head
off but still alive.
There are morals
or codes of ethics but the morals of a person is not that he has a belief
in right or wrong; it is how he lives; the ethics he practices.
In every human being the essence of rightness is found inside, like
the laws of nature.
And when I
said that my cousin, Donald, Chief Executive Officer of Cable and
Wireless, now LIMEY or SLIMEY, is wrong to be ripping
off his fellow country men for this monopolistic modern day East
India Company one of the heads of the Barbados Workers Union
just like the many people, who came down in the colonial office with
an accent and an empty briefcase said: “That is a family problem.
He is just doing a job.”
There are a
lot of massa men going around, manipulators, who see a weakness and
use it, who get by on minimum requirements: find an older fellow in
government, with whom they went to school, played cricket or had a relationship
and before the exam results are out and before they know if they have
passed they in government and guaranteed a job. They are so many
If you choose
to ignore a lot of your history and do not tell your children there
comes a time when history remains in certain pockets of memory.
Aunt Dolly’s last son, is the greatest story of material.
Since he became the face of British Imperialism in the island all of
my previous vocal attacks on Cable and Wireless now LIMEY
or SLIMEY monopolistic behaviour are seen as a threat to Donald’s
“Ann trying to make Donald lose his job.”
have worked very hard.” Is Aunt Dolly’s response to the news
that one director of the company in England was paid $80 million in
Wireless, now LIMEY or SLIMEY, came and corned and
killed. The company, which is really the British Government,
makes 50% of its profit throughout the whole world from the English
speaking Caribbean and Donald runs it. He sent home
or gave early retirement to employees with ten and fifteen years experience
– staff that knew the business. He then employed cheap labour,
without experience so customers have to deal with persons, who do not
know the system – reduce the staff and that is money not needed to
be paid out; it was another way to make profits and look good.
A host of local whites were the last to go.
There is need
for much research but the company only invests when clear profit can
be seen. Subscribers would have less technical problems if more
capital was spent to bring their system up to date but little attention
is paid to services that do not generate the revenue the company wants.
and Guadeloupe telephone calls are 90% less than the English speaking
Caribbean because they are considered part of France and receive their
mother country’s rate.
hand is in it all, all over the English speaking Caribbean. He has been
the financial controller and secretary of the company in Turks and
Caicos and then he went to St. Lucia and then General Manager
in St. Vincent and now Chief Executive Officer in Barbados.
was Financial Controller and Secretary of the company in Turks and
Caico in 1993, Sir Frederick Smith, a Barbadian, was the
Chief Justice there. He was also Chairman of the Board
of Directors and a shareholder of Cable and Wireless, now
LIMEY or SLIMEY and he sat to hear a public interest case
for fairer telecommunications rates.
When two Turks
and Caicos lawyers, Lloyd Rodney and Courtney Barnett, filed,
in mid 1994, a legal petition to the Governor about instances of bad
judgement in the judicial system, they inserted themselves into attitudes
and motivations of a combined interest of a small class of blazers that
arose at different periods and different place and who are connected
to themselves. The two lawyers did not understand this interplay.
1930s and 1940s the dice were loaded against these blazers and they
were amateurish but their control began to take shape, when some took
over the tools of state.
directly from the Cable and Wireless case Smith was obliged to resign
his post as Chief Justice.” Smith then “directed” the next
Chief Justice, Lindsay Worrell again from Barbados, “to
the job.” After this was admitted in open court Worrell
also had to resign.
left, connections became more forceful but less transparent. Smith’s
wife’s brother, Sir William Randolph Douglas
(see Boys in the Band by Tatanka Yotanka) was appointed Chief
Justice. (Douglas’s second wife is Bree’s St. John’s
busy: he, solely, issued signed and witnessed warrants and petitions
concerning himself for the lawyers for things that were not an offence
on the books. Rodney was imprisoned and shackled to a bed.
June 2000 a jury awarded Rodney damages and his lawyers legal costs
for the trial.
salary is over BDS$40,000.00 a month and has been for a long
time yet he allows his mother and father to live in a badly maintained
rented three-bedroom house with his eldest brother and sister, the sister’s
husband and their three children and a grandchild. His niece sleeps
on the floor with her daughter.
when Continental owned the telephone company, the island had some autonomy.
The overseas boss came in and said we want 10% on their investment and
the Barbadian managers ran the company themselves and met that requirement.
Local mangers had options.
and Wireless now LIMEY or SLIMEY took over they laid it
all out in England in a massive book about three feet wide and long
that states what to do. From the paper on the desks, from street
furniture (telephone booths), to the branding of the vans - how much
wasted money is it costing for this new re-brand? - and the service
got worst. They reduce staff and increases volume. It is pure
Give bad service
get a new name and nothing changes. Use less people to serve and
an ever-increasing market, put on automated timing devises so that the
employee of the month is the one, who spoke to most people in less time.
had all the market and all the masts. AT&T and DigiCel could
have shared masts but they chose not to and Barbadians had to pay back
all that investment. Somebody got kick-back? One woman claimed
that someone ran her with money.
In spite of
a rate hearing last year Cable and Wireless Barbados, now
LIMEY or SLIMEY made a scandalous 30% return. For years
at the public interest case for fairer telecommunications charges those
who sat at the hearing have been the bloodline of the same families
the Austin, the St. John and the Browne families.
No wonder the
public ask why the government ministry responsible pronouncements sound
as though they work for the company and ask why their government does
not do something about the situation and if Cable and Wireless,
now LIMEY or SLIMEY, paid off the government.
his mother, is a Browne and Harold, his father, is an Austin.
Oliver Browne was the Solicitor General, who also sat on
the panel and now represents the government as a lawyer since his retirement
is Aunt Dolly’s first cousin and Donald’s second cousin (his
father is Aunt Dolly’s father’s brother, a Browne, and his
mother is an Austin, his father’s cousin). Donald’s
sister works as Oliver’s manager in his law office. Bree,
before he died was on the board, his mother is an Austin and
his father was a St. John.
BEAT GOES ON
To break free
from wickedness in authority lies in knowing what it is, realizing what
it is about, knowing what the problem is and not approving and not wanting
to be a part. This cannot be done in ignorance, because the greatest
deception is to make believe that wickedness does not exist for to belief
that it does not exist means that there will be no fight against it.
The enemy must be faced head on with courage, love and righteousness.
It is basically what is done with the mind and not possible without
from REFLECTIONS – Modern Politics
– The Caribbean, Africa & Asia Minor
by Angela and Gary Cole - 1,200
pages available January 2009
Bloodline & Family Fortunes
To avoid the
sale of ones soul, it is essential to find truth. In the middle
of the last century, this is the way in which Edgar Mittleholzer’s
book, “The Bones and my Flute,” fictionalized backgrounds,
biographies and characters of a true story to show that blessings from
such a sale never last.
At the same
time, the authors’ great-aunt and great-great-aunt respectively,
Cecilia “Sissy” Marsh, wrote, “The Best People Do Not
Always Live in the Biggest Houses,” a non-fiction version
as these people thrashed amongst classes and politicians.
is the truth of these characters and their off spring over the last
century and it seeks the mercy and grace needed to help, when so many
do not understand effectively the cruelty, cold bloodiness and skilful
guile of our present condition.
and plantocracy were colossal in the House of Assembly but universal
franchise changed all that. Today they are none in the house and
the social order is solidly black.
deprived for so long that many knew little of what happened - history
- and were unable to express themselves individually but candidates
for election spoke anyway even if they knew only ten percent of the
issues. They survived on their wits and on a fine line of here
today and maybe not tomorrow and hence their position was unstable and
their status, to a large extent, is determined by their income.
This differed in that other classes are more stable people. A loose society is a jealous one, where wealth defines status because there is no other test but money and the symbols are cars, clothes and houses. In a small place this is difficult to overcome; some do not and remain jealous. In places like Germany this is less likely to happen because Germans know everyone’s grandfather and know, who they are before they are born.
of Charles Miller Austin on bloodline and family fortunes is enormous.
Miller is amongst eight non-white people buried, where is reserved for
the influential, behind the altar in a graveyard of an Anglican Church
- St. John’s.
Born in 1867
the Miller’s tale was that their father bought a trunk from an old
fisherman and found that trunk was full of gold coins. The truth was
that his father and certain associates: black, white and mulatto, from
the East had pirated a Spanish ship and killed all on board sometime
in the late 1870s; not only marriage certificates but also the free
holder and merchant register in 1894 connects them. [See No:24
Last of the Bajan Pirates.]
in the city: one merchant tailor registered as a taxpayer in 1897 with
land in a tenantry in the city was named in the others’ will as executor
and was also family to other voters. Charles Miller Austin, when
all was thought to be forgotten, distributed the bounty.
father, William Agard Austin lived in the East, St. Andrews. He
was a shopkeeper and a speculator in cows. His mother, Harriett
Fields, was born in 1835 and her parents were John Fields and Baba,
the slave. At his death William Agard left 200
square feet of land in the area for his two grandchildren Charles Miller
Austin and Martha Jane Austin. As soon as he reached voting age
Miller Austin was on the voting list: there were 467 voters in
the city, 54 in one parish, another 72 and 547 in the main parish.
In 1889, at
twenty-two years old, he bought his first estate, Cheltenham with a
small amount of acreage in the East. The property was in debt,
before the court and the bailiff was a Goddard, one of his father’s
white associates. All the land in the East is not productive and
he paid only seven pounds.
a mighty man. He speculated in meat like his father and grandfather
and like them was a master blacksmith. By the age thirty-one he
built, for the government, a metal bridge for a new train-line in the
East. He designed and patented an all-metal cartwheel with brass
bushings and no wood. People copied it, he sued and they had to
pay him. He travelled to England every year and while there, in
1889, he bought for 1054 pounds sterling a more expensive plantation
of sixty acres, Eastmont, in the middle of the island.
After the First
World War, in 1913, when prices picked-up and no one would have asked
from where gold coins came he bought for eleven thousand, four hundred
pounds sterling, a plumb plantation with four hundreds acres called
Malvern over looking the East Coast. This plantation was also
before the courts for debt. Austin’s lands qualified him to
be a vestryman. The vestry was under church and local government and
was replaced under an electoral system.
At a time when
coloureds referred to themselves as that and not black he, light skinned,
always called himself a black man. His family being light skinned
objected to a marriage between him and dark-skinned Martha Jane Austin
(same name) from the North and they allowed him to marry her only after
Martha was pregnant with their second child. Annie, his first
child was illegitimate and when Miller left his will he wrote for all
his children including Marion “Annie” Maude Austin.
of a slave grandmother stood tall, and said no longer. He owned
Malvern at a time when many whites with whom he came in contact were
of inferior status: managers and overseers of plantations and he, a
self-confident person, kept one step ahead of the white gentry and plantation
owners, who knew the source of his and his associates money but were
in no position to throw stones.
personal, business and political with white people were on equal terms.
He had two votes in two different constituencies because Malvern was
in St. Joseph and St. John. He and another black vestry man H.
L. Barrow bargained with the white vestry men that if the whites could
get their poor, white friends children scholarships to Lodge, a secondary
school in the parish, then he wanted a scholarship for, Headley, his
black chauffeur’s son.
That was how
the cricketer, Sam Headley, was able to attend Lodge School. Austin
gave calves out to workers that lived under the hill on his land and
when the cows were two years old he paid his tenants for them and sold
them to the managers of the plantations as transport animals.
Miller loved to “mash-up” white people. It was double seat
constituency and so he went and looked for a black shopkeeper in the
area called “Boy Child” Smith.
“Morning Sir, morning Master Eric.” Boy Child said, as he and his big belly, jumped as agile as a cat over the counter.
you Mr. Haynes chauffeur? Don’t you drive about and do things
for Mr. Haynes. Don’t you canvas for him?” Mr.
Haynes was a rich, white planter and the elected for that area.
“Well, I would like to see you and Mr. Haynes going up to the House
arm-in-arm next time. When you go to people you tell them to give
Mr. Haynes the big X and give you the small one.”
go on to play a huge part in the election of the first black
Premier. Miller had seven children that survived to adulthood:
five girls and two boys. After an argument between the two, his
second son stormed off down the hill from Malvern, Miller never saw
him again although he looked for him all over but he left a share of
his estate for him in his will. There were many rumours some said
he went to the war and was killed; some said he left the island, studied,
qualified at a university and he went to Australia. Miller’s
first son went to Edinburgh, became a doctor, practiced in St. Vincent
and then Trinidad.
The first daughter
was Annie, the child born before his marriage. She married David
Stonewall Payne B.A. Payne, who had just returned from the U.S
with a university degree was on his way to Africa to take up a teaching
post. The couple met on her father’s plantation and married.
She joined him and they spent seven years in Ghana. One of their
babies died there from the bite of the tsetse fly and some of her children
were born there.
She did not
like Ghanaian life and encouraged her husband to return home.
In 1929 Miller helped this son in law to buy his first plantation, Cane
Wood, with one hundred and fifteen acres at the cost of nine thousand
pounds sterling. He was fifty-five when he helped Payne again,
to buy a larger plantation of over 400 acres, Harrow in the South.
daughter, Millicent, married Dr. Dudley Greaves from a rich, black family
that lived in the suburbs, Black Rock, and owned a lot of land there
called Greaves Land. Vita, the daughter whom Miller took to England
with him, married one of the associate’s sons, Johnny Brown, who studied
in Edinburgh, London and Vienna.
The couple,Oliver's mother and father went to live in Georgetown where Johnny was Government Ophthalmologist,
Resident Surgeon and Chief Medical Officer, vice president of B. G.’s
cricket club and a voter in the municipal and legislative council.
They had three sons and one daughter. Daisy, his fourth
daughter and his last daughter, Lucy, married another association member’s
two sons, Norman and Albert St. John.
There was one
other St. John brother, Charles Herbert, who was known to be selfish.
He had no seed. Miller and Albert, who lived at Malvern,
rowed over pond grass and Norman came to him and said, “If you quarrel
with my brother you quarrel with me.” Albert took his wife and
family and moved to Christ Church.
to help financially these two brothers, who married his two daughters
as he had helped his first son-in-law.
were middle class, cricketers and played test cricket for
Barbados and B.G. (now Guyana), and were amongst the first blacks in
test cricket. They were solicitors, and magistrates and very prestigious
in B.G, where they fled all except one brother.
By 1890 Andrew
Benjamin Brown had been called to the bar and elected member of the
Court of Policy for Western Demarara and was the first “Negro” to
be elected to the local legislature. They owned property around
Bridgetown. In the generation before, John Alexander Brown, Charles
Miller Austin jnr. and the St. Johns all went up to university at the
In the next
generation Noel’s uncle was a doctor and he wanted to be a doctor
from a little boy, he studied medicine and Eric wanted to be a vet because
Noel was going to be a doctor and he felt that he was brighter than
Noel and whatever Noel did he would do better. Bree at that time
was not considered and he did not decide what he would do until Oliver decided.
Oliver will be, I will do the same thing.” He used to say. And
Oliver said. “I do not know what I will do. I have not
made up my mind yet.” There were no lawyers amongst the St.
Johns but Bree decided to study law when Oliver decided to do so.
A third generation
Austin and Browne, Donald, like his great uncle’s children Johnny
Brown and the Austins studied in Edinburgh. He accepts tens
of thousands of dollars a month to run a monopoly ; they call
the shots and tell him what they want done. Only a few years ago
his signing limit was raised above $1,000.00, when a white man came
in from the regional office on one day a week and signed what he wanted
and approved what he wanted and not even an Austin could sign anything
until the white man came back the next week.
humility and fair-mindedness, which comes with the security of family
tradition but nevertheless they gained influence as upper class within
certain orders of the society with whom money was their shared goal.
stood for public duty but were selfish and searched for superiority
over such people as: an old white postmistress, an old dead lion
the organist and pianist, who played many instrument, his offspring
were respectable schoolteachers; a man of Carib blood, who owned and
ran newspapers, members of the House of Assembly sweated to keep law
and order and did not make any money, members, who sat in the House
for many years and those who, during the war, when the struggle was
to feed the people, built a cassava factory so there would be flour.
who did not change with the times but helped build the first poor peoples'
housing development; a quadroon alcoholic a highly-trained British-lawyer,
who was high up in legal establishment in Guyana, who lived in the South,
had a beautiful billiard board and was nicknamed “Sunday Dumplings.
natures are different sometimes it suites them to make combinations
for convenience. When in the 1st World War the Germans
ripped through the line between the English and France and the French
commander said: “Each man for himself and God for all.”
Which meant go out there and fight disorganized as it may. The
English commander of a different nature said something completely different:
“one for all and together let us go.” Meaning together let
us go on the command, which is totally the opposite and still the two
of them united and beat the Germans who did not have enough troops.
advantaged position the Brownes knew the weak points in their brothers
and sisters and how to coerce. They do not use force but move
into a position where they strike: they map out the areas, where
their victims operate, monitor, set up, and wait until the prey moves
in front of them and then take hold.
Bone and my Flute [Edgar Mittleholzer] the main character Mr.
Nevison, who is in real life Gershome Onesimus Browne, has released
an unseen force of disturbance through his own arrogance and through
stealth he lures, with a false offer, the young artist into the plot.
Mittlezholzer called it middle class barbarism.
There are unseen
forces of almost every kind of ability to move things - ghost, spirits
at one of the white St. John’s ancestors’ plantation, Drax Hall.
Family spirits can be inherited and can visit generations of bloodline.
There is no
doubt about the symbol on display today that is stuck out of the middle
of the hotel on the highest wall in the middle of the tourist hotel
belt. Everything is a hush-hush but the symbols on the glass are
for only initiates, not to the general public, to tell all of the same
to come here to do business. It is not defiance or a deliberate
sign to portray evil.
It is also
an unheard cry for help.
said that she was the apple of his eye and he said that her birth transformed
his life.” Wrote her son, who owns the hotel over which
the sign hangs; he is Chester Allan’s grandson and his mother, Joan,
is Chester Allan’s first daughter.
meaning beyond form – spiritually. Many of the association members
had moved into big houses; they knew how to tie a tie correctly and
use a garter to adjust their sleeve to the right length but had built
their credibility based on deceit and lack of wisdom.
lie that came right through the turn of the century was challenged in
1926 with the birth of Joan. Wives were disinherited in Browne’s
wills if they remarried as in the case of Allan’s mother. It
was easier for a mother to control her children and his mother and old
aunt with whom he lived had to control for they did not want the things
that the association could not talk at dinner to be believed.
The same thing and not separate things had to be thought and control
within the family of brighter children caused trouble and they become
the family’s victims.
mainly to North America where there were large strips of land.
The mother of Allan’s daughters, Aunt Dolly and Aunt Joan,Sissy, came out of one of the sons
of only two or three of the noble families that came to the island,
the Lowthers, and that son refused to have anything to do with slavery
and married the daughter of a Carib Chief, a conservative of fine traditions
and qualities, which have to be preserved and can be only preserved
if the conservatives conserve them.
Allan at 40
years old was a socially prominent and much loved man and as godfather
of the association he distributed loot. He faced the truth of
their quiet, well-planned prosperous life and it would not be so quiet
any longer. This was the time when newly-arrived Governor Newland,
a healthy pro-worker man lasted less then 100 days; he dropped dead
and popular people with the people just disappeared and Ernest Deighton
Mottley walked with a silver spoon to test if poison had been put in
his food. In the murder plot Chester Allan Brown, was dead
before the child that transformed his life and his other young daughter Aunt Dolly reached womanhood.
later his children were left orphans when their mother died. Deprived
of parents, who had loved them and showed them by example right from
wrong their Browne grandmother and great aunt tore these two children
apart and other of their Browne family stole their inheritance.
Abused by their
paternal family, traumatized at their father’s murder and agash at
what had happened to their mother and her death and without a large
family - only a grandmother and her mother’s sister and children,
they lost control after they received a fraction of their father’s
wealth, which unlike their mother, the girls accepted when they became
twenty-one against her warning that the money would bring them no good.
Inheritance accepted, their mother died in less than two years.
The young cousin
that the two Browne girls conscripted from her mother, two sisters and
several brothers, who lived and worked together as a family, was a normal
young woman in her twenties going about her everyday life and expressed
in some way and felt herself in a position of hopelessness, they picked
up the beacons and she joined them quite innocently, the trap was swung
and it was too late to get out but she grew to love it and cannot do
She knew the
truth but nevertheless she fell for what she thought was a glimpse of
something better. She did not want to forsake her first daughter,
no normal mother would do that, but she was fertile ground because affections
were not with her six-year-old child for she had put marriage before the girl. She thought only of herself,
put her treasures with her cousins, sacrificed the greatest sacrifice
that she could.. She separated her self from her family and moved
into the Browne’s arena to their place of all kinds of abuses; this
moulded her personality and her own close family unraveled.
Bones and My Flute, written at the same time, Mittlzeholzer
had Mrs Nevison, an ineffectual dependent woman, burn a manuscript and
release darker forces. In life mimicking art, Aunt Dolly, now
married to an Austin, and this cousin, an ineffectual dependent woman,
brunt the manuscript of “The Best People Do Not Always Live
in the Biggest House,” in which Cecilia Marsh, her
aunt, had set the story straight and created the opposite effect to
what the book intended. Sissy became an object of ridicule.
that go against the bonding of a family enter families of influence
it permeates into the over all community. The children were under
the attack, traumatized and mortified, and that which must exist at
the core of a family for survival was taken away by their exploitation
and the ones strong enough to not let it take hold of their lives or
those who became rebellious because every body did it to them were overshadowed
pulled down, persecuted and marginalized; the rest grew to accept it.
In the children
born later selfishness was taught and instilled from birth and they
were easier to control when they were made to think and focus on themselves
to the point, where they did not look at another but to themselves.
no longer told the stories of their ancestors they are no longer connected
to family principles. Nothing is to do with them: not to
hear, not to listen, they do not think and do not know they were
made emotionally dead, and without moral arguments: against anything
seen or anything done. Drones that cannot be roused and thus are
easy to be talked into any activity, which makes it easy for thieves
and criminals to get away with their deeds. Their minds are engineered
without goodly leanings, a true sense of justice and righteousness and
they are part of this age of real selfishness.
life became butchery: greed, ego and power and since families as influential
and manipulative of public sentiment as these thought like this, feeding
of the ego afflicted the community directly and indirectly until the
society will not fight for one another but will only fight for their
individual goals and unwilling to unite it is easy to rule them and
ultimately they are ruled by dishonesty and fear at all levels.
There will be no escape from this bondage as long as there is no thought
and material is put before human being for the spirit of boldness and
courage is not achieved in the material world.
ideas are put forward in speech and little or no resistance is offer
when it is realized how serious any action could affect individual destinies
and thus unable to face the truth the community repeats words in alliances
for gain and sacrificed their children, grandchildren and great grandchildren.
The now more
than a century year old lie continues in the obituary: “She appeared
to be more influenced by her dad, who was a successful entrepreneur”
and that - “Mon was interested in business… she pursued her dream
of having her own business.”
Like her father, Allan, she was no businessperson, neither created any businesses that could be called an entrepreneur – that is the new word in the society bandied about to impress and to say that the Browne’s were early entrepreneurs - the Brownes that remained in the island ran a small jewellery and book store as cover; and the ones that went to Guyana (B.G. then) were doctors lawyers and solicitors and sat in the legislature. Allan was no businessman he was the godfather who controlled and spent spoils.
The St. Johns,
because of their lifestyle, starting at least with the young Charles
Henry, would have been respected in their communities. His family
would have worn shoes and dressed well, attended church, eaten well
and lived in big houses. In white St. John’s will it states
that his young ex-slave should be clothed properly and well looked after.
It was another thing with the black St. Johns when they joined the association.
The white Goddards
were disinherited gentry fallen on hard times. The white Dowdings
had money once. The Archers had traveled and the black Brownes
were free and land owners early in the eighteen-century. The mulatto
Miller Austins seemed to be self-confident. The association was
not poor people and in this company the St. Johns would not have felt
The black St.
Johns set about to emulate the white St. Johns. A Charles St.
John was a doctor and owned a plantation and so the black St. Johns
became doctors and considered themselves as doctors better than the
Austins. They could not out do the Brownes, who were considered
gentlemen. Today Johnny and Vita’s son,Oliver, still is the head of
the lands at Malvern.
End of Excerpt